Nostalgia is not Enough

Conservatives often rely on decades-old arguments to make their case that their political view is the correct one. This does not mean that decades-old arguments are untrue, but it does mean that the intended modern audience does not understand them. Noted 19th and early 20th century author and journalist G. K. Chesterton makes an interesting point that speaks to this very issue:

All conservatism is based upon the idea that if you leave things alone you leave them as they are. But you do not. If you leave a thing alone you leave it to a torrent of change. If you leave a white post alone it will soon be a black post. If you particularly want it to be white you must be always painting it again; that is, you must be always having a revolution. Briefly, if you want the old white post you must have a new white post. (Orthodoxy, 1908)

Chesterton points out that conservatives are generally known for their adherence to “tradition”—to the way things “used to be.” While this is true to a point, real conservatives must be aware of not only what they believe, but why they believe it as well. Spend any amount of time with a modern conservative and you are sure to hear something about “the good old days” or “back then.” But just like Chesterton’s “white post,” the conservative ideal from yesteryear is seldom, in reality, the way things actually were. Would we really exchange all of our modern conveniences and technologies for a house with a white-picket fence where we never have to lock the doors? Probably not. We long for the “good old days” only when we become frustrated with our “dreadful new days.” P. J. O’Rourke puts it succinctly: “When you think about the good old days, think dentistry.”

It must be pointed out, though, that Chesterton was actually arguing against conservatism and for progressivism. He believed that “all” conservatism is based on the idea of leaving things as we found them. Sadly, many modern conservatives share this conviction, despite the fact that it is a complete misrepresentation of true conservatism. A true conservative is one who does indeed realize that a white post needs ongoing coats of paint in order to stay white. A true conservative is one who does not retreat from the challenge of new ideas, but meets them head-on. A true conservative is one who recognizes that the old way of doing things was good, but that there is also a new way of doing the old things. A true conservative admits that a tractor is better than a plow, a car is better than a buggy, and an oven is better than an open fire. New ways bring new methods, but a true conservative is one that understands that we should not be primarily concerned with the method, but with the need.

What Chesterton’s story about the white post fails to mention is why the post was needed in the first place. If it is simply a remnant from an old fence, painting it white adds nothing to it; the paint is doing little more than preserving a distant memory. But if it is a marker for a property line, it is a very important and necessary post and keeping it white and clean is an important function. You see we must first learn to ask “why,” before we can attempt to answer “how.” Far too many Americans are concerned with and arguing over the color of the post, rather than first seeking to understand the purpose of the post.

In other words, conservatives need to be finished with weepy sentimentalism about the past and come to terms with the reality of the present day. Conservatives know and agree with liberals that poverty, education, healthcare, race relations, foreign policy, taxes, and many other social and economic issues are in desperate need of being addressed in a tangible, factual, and practical way. Despite rhetoric from the media and the halls of Congress, conservatives are not looking to throw old people out on the streets, starve the poor, deprive children of education, or war-monger the entire planet into colonial submission. Conservatives are just as concerned about the issues, the problem is that they are always on their heels because they allow the media to frame the debate.

Modern conservatives must seek new ways to explain why their “old” values are superior. Nostalgia is no way to move a country forward. As much as we may appreciate the stories of the America of days gone by, this is not where we live. The America of late 2011 has unique and complicated issues that it must contend with, and the foundational values of the America of 1940 are still the best solution. More public money, more bureaucracy, or more governmental oversight (or as is most often the case, all three) should never be the conservative answer, but simply stating it does nothing to solve the present problem. Conservatives are usually too busy discussing long-term ideals, when they should be thinking about short-term answers. This isn’t a compromise; it is a reality. Long-term solutions can only begin to become a reality with short-term goals. Until conservatives actually take hold of this reality and begin to do something about it, they will only be talking to themselves.